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How To Make Sense Of Key Signatures


How to make sense of key signatures in music. Use this mnemonic to remember the order of sharps: "Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle". Then reverse it to remember the order of flats, ie "Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles' Father".

To work out what major key a piece of music is in: if in sharps, take the last sharp in the key signature and go up one tone. (ie if the last sharp is C, you are in D major). If in flats, the penultimate flat is the key note (major).

To find the relative minor, go down a minor 3rd.

By: Catherine Edmunds on Sat, Nov 23rd 2002

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